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Friday, October 21, 2016

Trinity 'Proof' - Texts' Refuted



Many who believe that Jesus is God or in the Trinity rely only on a few selected, so-called 'proof-texts'.

The following links lead to research showing how the most frequently used so-called 'Proof Texts' are not proof of the Trinity in any way.

TRINITY 'PROOF'-TEXTS REFUTED:
1. > JW.ORG Links to Information: goo.gl/b5VNoM
2. > Gen. 1:26  goo.gl/FNz2Cs
3. > Gen. 19:24 goo.gl/xmF0yX
4. > Isa. 6:3 ("Holy, Holy, Holy")  goo.gl/LsHXYf
5. > Isa. 9:6  goo.gl/ObdknD
6. > Isa. 42:8/Heb. 1:3  goo.gl/0JkbFN
7. > Isa. 43:11 (Savior)  goo.gl/Pq5UEt
8. > Isa. 44:6 ("First and the Last") goo.gl/fpCydA
9. > Isa. 48:16  goo.gl/bkkDkj
10 > Micah 5:2  goo.gl/TU6euj
11 > Habakkuk 1:12  goo.gl/c10RRu
12 > Zechariah 12:10  goo.gl/nGg0zc
13 > Matt. 1:23 ("Immanuel") - NAME  goo.gl/nzeEdN
14 > Matt. 12:32  goo.gl/cgiHSw
15 > Matt. 28:19  goo.gl/Ta5m1Q
16 > Luke 12:10  goo.gl/cgiHSw
17 > John 1:1 goo.gl/tDehKL
18 > John 2:19  goo.gl/5qpjQl
19 > John 5:18  goo.gl/ux57X4
20 > John 5:23  goo.gl/D5z6SI
21 > John 8:58 (I AM)  goo.gl/dDHzbJ
22 > John 10:17-18  goo.gl/9MXcEp
23 > John 10:30  goo.gl/Qe06vL
24 > John 10:33 ("a god" or "God"?)  goo.gl/rvCNTb
25 > John 14:7-9  goo.gl/U7pw9B
26 > John 14:14  goo.gl/pcRDWd
27 > John 16:7-15  goo.gl/qKU2fn
28 > John 20:28 (My God)  goo.gl/Mv1J6P
29 > Acts 5:3, 4  goo.gl/PHYQl2
30 > Acts 10:38  goo.gl/JzHx5M
31 > Acts 13:2  goo.gl/KLavdU
32 > Acts 20:28  goo.gl/N6dDVL
33 > Acts 28:25  goo.gl/KLavdU
34 > Rom. 8:27  goo.gl/z41BYR
35 > Rom. 9:5  goo.gl/WbDMjz
36 > 1 Cor. 12:11  goo.gl/XWvWOh
37 > 2 Cor. 4:4  goo.gl/FNz2Cs
38 > 2 Cor. 13:14  goo.gl/IzQnQE
39 > Eph. 4:30  goo.gl/btzS4p
40 > Eph. 5:5 ("Sharp's Rule")  goo.gl/hnJhty
41 > Phil. 2:5, 6  goo.gl/a2WMUc
42 > Col. 1:16 goo.gl/koG1PV
43 > Col. 2:9  goo.gl/DtEMld
44 > 1 Tim. 3:16  goo.gl/HjmXBQ
45 > Heb. 1:6  goo.gl/HaKWaO
46 > Heb. 1:8 (“Thy Throne, O God”)  goo.gl/5fvkQU
47 > 2 Pet. 3:18  (Savior)  goo.gl/Pq5UEt
48 > 1 John 5:7  goo.gl/21mlRG
49 > 1 John 5:20  goo.gl/2K8z4U
50 > Rev. 1:8  goo.gl/JTZXFS
51 > Rev. 1:17 ("First and the Last")  goo.gl/fpCydA
52 > Rev. 5:6 and Rev. 5:13 ("Throne")  goo.gl/AaVKIV
53 > Rev. 22:1 (Throne)  goo.gl/A8x0If
54 > Rev. 22:13 (Alpha / Omega) goo.gl/JTZXFS


Wednesday, August 3, 2016

Theon’ found in Exodus (Septuagint)

Ex 1:17; Ex 1:21 ; Ex 2:23; Ex 3:11; Ex 3:13; Ex 4:16; Ex 7:1; Ex 8:25; Ex 8:26; Ex 10:17; Ex 10:18; Ex 18:19; Ex 19:8; Ex 19:18; Ex 19:21; Ex 19:23; Ex 19:24; Ex 24:2; Ex 32:30.

Of the 19 uses of theon in Exodus of the Greek Septuagint, only Exodus 7:1 does not use the definite article. Furthermore it is a D.O. which follows the verb. [See the THEON study -


http://examiningthetrinity.blogspot.com/2009/10/theon-rdbs-rule.html ]

7:1 kai eipen kurioV proV mwushn legwn idou dedwka se qeon faraw kai aarwn o adelfoV sou estai sou profhthV

So how is theon to be understood at Exodus 7:1?

………………………………...

Exodus 7:1 Commentaries

The Adam Clarke Commentary:

Verse 1. I have made thee a god
……………



The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible:

I have made thee a god to Pharaoh;
not a god by nature, but made so; he was so by commission and office, clothed with power and authority from God to act under him in all things he should direct; not for ever, as angels are gods, but for a time; not in an ordinary way, as magistrates are gods, but in an extraordinary manner; and not to any other but to Pharaoh, being an ambassador of God to him,
…………………….


Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible 
Robert Jamieson, A. R. Fausset and David Brown

I have made thee a god--"made," that is, set, appointed; "a god"; that is, he was to act in this business as God's representative, to act and speak in His name and to perform things beyond the ordinary course of nature. The Orientals familiarly say of a man who is eminently great or wise, "he is a god" among men.

…………………….


Matthew Henry Complete Commentary on the Whole Bible

Here, I. God encourages Moses to go to Pharaoh, and at last silences all his discouragements. 1. He clothes him with great power and authority (Exodus 7:1): I have made thee a god to Pharaoh; that is, my representative in this affair, as magistrates are called gods, because they are God's vicegerents.
……………………


Joseph Benson’s Commentary
A god to Pharaoh — That is, my representative in this affair, as magistrates are called gods, because they are God’s vicegerents. He was authorized to speak and act in God’s name, and endued with a divine power, to do that which is above the ordinary course of nature.


………………………



Arno Gaebelein's Annotated Bible
Twice Jehovah said that Moses should be a god. A god to Aaron (Ex. 4:16) and a god to Pharaoh (Exodus 7:1). He received divine authority and power over Pharaoh….


………………………….

Geneva Study Bible

Ex. 7:1
And the LORD said unto Moses, See, I have made thee a[*]god to Pharaoh: and Aaron thy brother shall be thy prophet.
(*) I have given you power and authority to speak in my name and to execute my judgments on him.

…………………………..

The Popular Commentary by Paul E. Kretzmann [Lutheran]

And the Lord said unto Moses, See, I have made thee a god to Pharaoh, He had given him authority as His ambassador, with power to carry out His judgments


……………………………

Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament
At the same time Moses was also made a god to Pharaoh; i.e., he was promised divine authority and power over Pharaoh,


…………………………….
 


Some trinitarian-translated Bibles which translate Exodus 7:1 as ‘a god’:

KJV

American KJV

21st Century KJV

KJ2000

ERV

MKJV and LITV (Green)

Webster

GodsWord

The Message

BBE

GNT

Young’s

Moffatt

Byington

Lamsa

Leeser

IHOT

CAB

EJ2000

Tuesday, April 5, 2016

KURIE - All NT Uses of "Lord" in Address

All uses of the vocative (noun of address) Kurie (KURIE)

To be used with the “My God” study of John 20:28

http://examiningthetrinity.blogspot.com/2009/10/mygod.html

...............................................................................................

http://concordances.org/greek/kurie_2962.htm

All uses of kurie (vocative form or noun of address for kurios: "lord, sir, master.") - 120 in NT.

There are No undisputed uses of the nominative form (kurios) as a noun of address in the NT.

Mt 7:21

"Not everyone who says to Me, 'Lord, Lord,' will enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of My Father who is in heaven will enter.

Ou pav o legwn (5723) moi, Kurie kurie, eiseleusetai (5695) eiv thn basileian twn ouranwn, all' o poiwn (5723) to qelhma tou patrov mou tou en toiv ouranoiv.



………………………………..................................
Mt 7:22
"Many will say to Me on that day, 'Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in Your name, and in Your name cast out demons, and in Your name perform many miracles ?'

polloi erousin (5692) moi en ekeinh| th| hmera|, Kurie kurie, ou tw| sw| onomati eprofhteusamen, (5656) kai tw| sw| onomati daimonia ecebalomen, kai tw| sw| onomati dunameiv pollav epoihsamen? (5656)



………………………………..................................
Mt 8:2
And a leper came to Him and bowed down before Him, and said, "Lord, if You are willing, You can make me clean."

kai idou (5628) leprov proselqwn (5631) prosekunei (5707) autw| legwn, (5723) Kurie, ean qelh|v (5725) dunasai (5736) me kaqarisai. (5658)

Mt 8:6; Mt 8:8; Mt 8:21; Mt 8:25; Mt 9:28; Mt 11:25; Mt 13:27; Mt 14:28 Mt 14:30;

Mt 15:22; Mt 15:25; Mt 15:27; Mt 16:22; Mt 17:4; Mt 17:15; Mt 18:21; Mt 20:30;

Mt 20:31; Mt 20:33; Mt 21:30; Mt 25:11; Mt 25:20; Mt 25:22; Mt 25:24;

Mt 25:37; Mt 25:44; Mt 26:22; Mt 27:63;

Mr 7:28;

Lu 5:8; Lu 5:12; Lu 6:46; Lu 7:6; Lu 9:54; Lu 9:59; Lu 9:61; Lu 10:17; Lu 10:21; Lu 10:40;

Lu 11:1; Lu 12:41; Lu 13:8; Lu 13:23; Lu 13:25; Lu 14:22; Lu 17:37; Lu 18:41; Lu 19:8;

Lu 19:16; Lu 19:18; Lu 19:20; Lu 19:25; Lu 22:33; Lu 22:38; Lu 22:49;

Joh 4:11; Joh 4:15; Joh 4:19; Joh 4:49; Joh 5:7; Joh 6:34; Joh 6:68; Joh 8:11; Joh 9:36; Joh 9:38; Joh 11:3; Joh 11:12; Joh 11:21; Joh 11:27; Joh 11:32; Joh 11:34; Joh 11:39; Joh 12:21; Joh 12:38; Joh 13:6; Joh 13:9; Joh 13:25; Joh 13:36; Joh 13:37; Joh 14:5;

Joh 14:8; Joh 14:22; Joh 20:15; Joh 21:15; Joh 21:16; Joh 21:17; Joh 21:20; Joh 21:21;

Ac 1:6; Ac 1:24; Ac 4:29; Ac 7:59; Ac 7:60; Ac 9:5; Ac 9:10; Ac 9:13; Ac 10:4; Ac 10:14;

Ac 11:8; Ac 22:8; Ac 22:10; Ac 22:19; Ac 26:15;

Ro 10:16; Ro 11:3;

Heb 1:10

Re 7:14; Re 11:17; Re 15:3; Re 15:4; Re 16:7; Re 22:20


 

I have found a facsimile of Codex Sinaiticus. It does read κυριε ό κυριος και ό θεος at Rev. 4:11, whereas Codex Alexandrinus does not use kurie at all, but reads exactly as the Westcott and Hort, UBS, and Nestle texts: “Worthy are you, the lord (kurios) and the god (theos) of us, to receive….”

The interpretation of Rev. 4:11, at best, is a disputed one. It seems likely that the use of the nominative kurios there is that of an appositive rather than a noun of address. It is equivalent to “Worthy is He, the lord and the God of us, to receive….” In other words, “the Lord and God of us” is simply an appositive which further identifies a word (in this case the pronoun “he” - or “you” in 4:11) preceding it.

Examples of vocative with vocative appositive

Matt. 11:25; Lu. 10:21; Rev. 15:3; 16:7; 22:20

Examples of vocative with nominative appositive:

Matt. 15:22; 20:30; 20:31; Rev. 11:17

Since all modern texts (including the Majority/Byzantine text) do not use kurie at Rev. 4:11, I believe the understanding of ho kurios kai ho theos is that of an appositive - not nouns of address. Even if Sinaiticus is correct here, we still have all uses of “Lord” used in address as kurie.


Therefore, Thomas' statement at John 20:28 which uses the nominative kurios is simply not being addressed to anyone, but must be understood differently.  See the MYGOD study. - - -

http://examiningthetrinity.blogspot.com/2009/10/mygod.html